40 photos
Mid-Atlantic
If New England provided the brains and dollars for 19th-century American expansion, the Middle Atlantic states provided the muscle. The region's largest states, New York and Pennsylvania, became centers of heavy industry (iron, glass, and steel).

The Middle Atlantic region was settled by a wider range of people than New England. Dutch immigrants moved into the lower Hudson River Valley in what is now New York State. Swedes went to Delaware. English Catholics founded Maryland, and an English Protestant sect, the Friends (Quakers), settled Pennsylvania. In time, all these settlements fell under English control, but the region continued to be a magnet for people of diverse nationalities.

Early settlers were mostly farmers and traders, and the region served as a bridge between North and South. Philadelphia, in Pennsylvania, midway between the northern and southern colonies, was home to the Continental Congress, the convention of delegates from the original colonies that organized the American Revolution. The same city was the birthplace of the Declaration of Independence in 1776 and the U.S. Constitution in 1787.

New York City, NY - Statue of Liberty, 1883

New York City, NY - Statue of Liberty, 1883

Brooklin, NY - Ed Lennox, Brooklyn Superbas, 1911

Brooklin, NY - Ed Lennox, Brooklyn Superbas, 1911

New York City, NY - 1901

New York City, NY - 1901

New York City, NY - Blackwell Island Lighthouse

New York City, NY - Blackwell Island Lighthouse

New York City, NY - Bowery, 1900

New York City, NY - Bowery, 1900

New York City, NY - Central Park

New York City, NY - Central Park

New York City, NY - Fall of New Amsterdam

New York City, NY - Fall of New Amsterdam

New York City, NY - Hoffman House Bar, 1890

New York City, NY - Hoffman House Bar, 1890

New York City, NY - Organ Grinder, 1902

New York City, NY - Organ Grinder, 1902

New York City, NY - Radio City Music Hall

New York City, NY - Radio City Music Hall

New York City, NY - Statue of Liberty

New York City, NY - Statue of Liberty

New York City, NY - Times Square

New York City, NY - Times Square

New York City, NY - Twin Tower Lights

New York City, NY - Twin Tower Lights

New York City, NY - World Trade Center Towers and Skyline

New York City, NY - World Trade Center Towers and Skyline

New York City, NY - World's Fair, 1940

New York City, NY - World's Fair, 1940

Atlantic City, NJ - Absecon Lighthouse

Atlantic City, NJ - Absecon Lighthouse

Atlantic City, NJ - Boardwalk

Atlantic City, NJ - Boardwalk

New Jersey Collage

New Jersey Collage

Wildwood, NJ - Lollipop Motel Sign

Wildwood, NJ - Lollipop Motel Sign

Mill on the Brandywine River, DE, 1818

Mill on the Brandywine River, DE, 1818