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Virginia in the Civil War

Seeing more major Civil War battles than any other state, Virginia was a prominent part of the Confederate States of America. In the winter of 1860–1861, Americans were forced to make decisions about their nation's future. States in the lower South began seceding from the Union in December, 1860; but, Virginia, with the most diversified economy and the largest population of the slave states, remained part of the Union. However, that would change after President Abraham Lincoln, on April 15, 1861, called for for troops from all states still in the Union in response to the Confederate capture of Fort Sumter, South Carolina. Two days later, on April 17th, the Virginia convention voted to secede, pending ratification of the decision by the voters.

At this time, Virginia stretched from the Atlantic Ocean to the Ohio River and Virginia citizens didn't all agree with secession. In the western part of the state, some Virginians never accepted secession and instead began a process that resulted in the creation of the new state of West Virginia.

Appomattox Station, VA - 1865

Appomattox Station, VA - 1865

Appomattox, VA - Court House, 1865

Appomattox, VA - Court House, 1865

Army of the Potomac, 1864

Army of the Potomac, 1864

Cedar Mountain, VA - Battlefield

Cedar Mountain, VA - Battlefield

Chancellorsville, VA - Civil War Battle

Chancellorsville, VA - Civil War Battle

City Point, VA - U.S. Military Depot, 1864

City Point, VA - U.S. Military Depot, 1864

Cold Harbor, VA - Battle

Cold Harbor, VA - Battle

Cold Harbor, VA - Burial Party

Cold Harbor, VA - Burial Party

Cold Harbor, VA - Collecting the Dead

Cold Harbor, VA - Collecting the Dead

Five Forks, VA - Battle

Five Forks, VA - Battle

Fredericksburg, VA - Battle

Fredericksburg, VA - Battle

Fredericksburg, VA - Burial of the Union Dead

Fredericksburg, VA - Burial of the Union Dead

Fredericksburg, VA - General Robert E. Lee

Fredericksburg, VA - General Robert E. Lee

Fredericksburg, VA - Wounded Soldiers

Wounded soldiers being tended in the field after the Battle of Chancellorsville near Fredericksburg, Va., May 2, 1863

Gaines Mill, VA - Battle

Gaines Mill, VA - Battle

James Ewell Brown Stuart's Cavalry

James Ewell Brown Stuart's Cavalry

Malvern Hill, VA - Battle

Malvern Hill, VA - Battle

Manassas Junction, VA - Second battle of Bull Run

Second battle of Bull Run

Manassas, VA - 1st Battle of Bull Run

Manassas, VA - 1st Battle of Bull Run

Manassas, VA - 2nd Battle of Bull Run

Manassas, VA - 2nd Battle of Bull Run