Vintage photo of a Craps Game in Southern California, ca.1890-1900. Derived from a centuries old game called Hazard, the name "Craps” comes from the French pronunciation of the word, "Crabs,” a nickname for the earlier game of Hazard. Originally developed in 1125 A.D., the game was popular by the European aristocracy in the 1700’s and by the next century, it had crossed the Atlantic to America. In 1813, a man named Bernard de Mandeville of New Orleans simplified the game, forming the basic rules of play that still exist today. In no time, the "new” game spread up the Mississippi River on steamboats then on out onto the American Frontier. Before long; however, the game was simplified once again by John Winn, who invented the modern layout and brought to the game the Pass and Don’t Pass bets. By the start of the 20th century, the game of craps was known throughout the world and in World War II, soldiers of both sides of the conflict often played craps between bouts of fighting. Over the years, the game continued to be wildly popular until it saw a decline in the 1990’s, mostly due to the popularity of slot machines. Vintage photo restored by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.